- Category: ARCHITECTURE, RENOVATION, TECHNOLOGY
The IT industry is well known for its wide range of job titles and aggrandisement of roles, which can make it hard to pin down exactly what people do. We’ve decoded some of the more popular positions below in our quick guide to IT roles Software engineer Also known as: application programmer, software architect, system programmer/engineer. […]
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The IT industry is well known for its wide range of job titles and aggrandisement of roles, which can make it hard to pin down exactly what people do. We’ve decoded some of the more popular positions below in our quick guide to IT roles
Also known as: application programmer, software architect, system programmer/engineer.
This job in brief: The work of a software engineer typically includes designing and programming system-level software: operating systems, database systems, embedded systems and so on. They understand how both software and hardware function. The work can involve talking to clients and colleagues to assess and define what solution or system is needed, which means there’s a lot of interaction as well as full-on technical work. Software engineers are often found in electronics and telecommunications companies. A computing, software engineering or related higher degree is often needed.
Key skills required: Analysis, logical thinking, teamwork and attention to detail.
Also known as: Product specialist, systems engineer, solutions specialist, technical designer.
This job in brief: Systems analysts investigate and analyse business problems and then design information systems that provide a feasible solution, typically in response to requests from their business or a customer. They gather requirements and identify the costs and the time needed to implement the project. The job needs a mix of business and technical knowledge, and a good understanding of people. It’s a role for analyst programmers to move into and typically requires a few years’ experience from graduation.
Key skills include: Ability to extract and analyse information, good communication, persuasion and sensitivity.
Also known as: Business architect, enterprise-wide information specialist.
This job in brief: Business analysts are true midfielders, equally happy talking with technology people, business managers and end users. They identify opportunities for improvement to processes and business operations using information technology. The role is project based and begins with analysing a customer’s needs, gathering and documenting requirements and creating a project plan to design the resulting technology solution. Business analysts need technology understanding, but don’t necessarily need a technical degree.
Key skills required: Communication, presentation, facilitation, project management and problem solving.
Also known as: Helpdesk support, operations analyst, problem manager.
This job in brief: These are the professional troubleshooters of the IT world. Many technical support specialists work for hardware manufacturers and suppliers solving the problems of business customers or consumers, but many work for end-user companies supporting, monitoring and maintaining workplace technology and responding to users’ requests for help. Some lines of support require professionals with specific experience and knowledge, but tech support can also be a good way into the industry for graduates.
Key skills required: Wide ranging tech knowledge, problem solving, communication/listening, patience and diplomacy.
Also known as: Hardware engineer, network designer.
This job in brief: Network engineering is one of the more technically demanding IT jobs. Broadly speaking the role involves setting up, administering, maintaining and upgrading communication systems, local area networks and wide area networks for an organisation. Network engineers are also responsible for security, data storage and disaster recovery strategies. It is a highly technical role and you’ll gather a hoard of specialist technical certifications as you progress. A telecoms or computer science-related degree is needed.
Key skills include: Specialist network knowledge, communication, planning, analysis and problem solving.
Also known as: IT consultant, application specialist, enterprise-wide information specialist.
This job in brief: The term ‘consultant’ can be a tagline for many IT jobs, but typically technical consultants provide technical expertise to, and develop and implement IT systems for, external clients. They can be involved at any or all stages of the project lifecycle: pitching for a contract; refining a specification with the client team; designing the system; managing part or all of the project; after sales support… or even developing the code. A technical degree is preferred, but not always necessary.
Key skills include: Communication, presentation, technical and business understanding, project management and teamwork.